Yoram M Kalman, Ph.D.

Welcome to my academic home page

I research the impact of digital technologies on people, organizations and society at the Department of Management and Economics, The Open University of Israel, and at the University of Haifa's Center for the Study of the Information Society (INFOSOC).

Peer-reviewed Journal Publications

Kalman, Y.M. & Ravid, G (forthcoming). Filing, piling and everything in between: The dynamics of email inbox management. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology.

Kalman, Y.M. (2014). A race to the bottom: MOOCs and higher education business models. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 29 (1), 5-14.

Kalman, Y.M. & Gergle, D (2014). Letter repetitions in computer-mediated communication: a unique link between spoken and online language. Computers in Human Behavior, 34 (1), 187-193.

Kalman, Y.M., Scissors, L. E., Gill, A. J., & Gergle, D. (2013). Online chronemics convey social information. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 1260-1269.

Kalman, Y.M. & Rafaeli, S. (2011). Online pauses and silence: Chronemic expectancy violations in written computer-mediated communication. Communication Research, 38 (1) 54-69.

Elgali, Z., & Kalman, Y. M. (2010) . The Construction of failure and success concepts in K-12 ICT integration . Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 6, 281-292.

Ravid, G., Kalman, Y.M., Rafaeli, S. (2008). Wikibooks in higher education: Empowerment through online distributed collaboration. Computers in Human Behavior 24(5), 1913-1928.

Kalman, Y.M. & Leng, P.H. (2007). A distributed model for managing academic staff in an international online academic programme. Interactive Learning Environments 15(1), 47-60. pdf

Kalman, Y.M., Ravid G., Raban, D.R. & Rafaeli S. (2006). Pauses and response latencies: A chronemic analysis of asynchronous CMC. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication 12(1), 1-23.

Genosar, S., Yogev,O., Orevi, N., Atidia, J., Peled, L., Friedler, Y, Kabily, O, Kalman, Y.M., Ruakh, M, Schefer J, et al. (1998). Bio-ROM (Hebrew). Journal for Biology Teachers, 154 (2).

Raveharel, N., Madgar, I., Goshen, R., Nissimrafinia, M., Ziadni, A., Rahat, A., Chiba, O., Kalman, Y.M., Brautbar, C., Levinson, D. et al. (1995). CFTR haplotype analysis reveals genetic-heterogeneity in the etiology of congenital bilateral aplasia of the vas-deferens. American Journal of Human Genetics, 56(6), 1359-1366.

Kerem, E., Kalman, Y. M., Yahav, Y., Shoshani, T., Abeliovich, D., Szeinberg, A., et al. (1995). Highly variable incidence of cystic-fibrosis and different mutation distribution among different Jewish ethnic-groups in Israel. Human Genetics, 96(2), 193-197.

Kalman, Y.M., Kerem, E., Darvasi, A., DeMarchi, J., & Kerem, B. (1994). Difference in frequencies of the cystic fibrosis alleles, delta F508 and W1282X, between carriers and patients. European Journal of Human Genetics, 2(2), 77-82.

Benhorin, J., Kalman, Y. M., Medina, A., Towbin, J., Raveharel, N., Dyer, T. D., et al. (1993). Evidence of genetic-heterogeneity in the Long QT Syndrome. Science, 260(5116), 1960-1962.



Peer-reviewed Conference Papers and Book Chapters

Kalman, Y.M. (2014). Free as in beer or free as in MOOCs? Using business model analysis to cut through the hype on innovation in higher education. Paper presented at the Innovation in higher education: Building a better future? ICA preconference, May 22, 2014, Seattle, WA.

Kalman, Y.M., Ravid, G. (2014). Email inbox management by information overloaded users. Paper presented at the 17th ACM conference on computer supported cooperative work and social computing (CSCW) in Baltimore, MD.

Kalman, Y.M. (2013). Variable cost minimization (VCM) business models in higher education. Paper presented at The Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference in Paris, October 2013.

Kalman, Y.M., (2013). Communication Optimization Model: A Proposal for an Evolutionary Model of Communication Media. Communication Science - Evolution, Biology, and Brains: Innovations in Theory and Methods. ICA 2013 preconference.

Kalman, Y.M., Gergle, D. (2013). The ubiquity and influence of CMC cues in social networking sites. Paper presented at the ICA annual conference in London, June 2013.

Kalman, Y.M. (2013). Why do we blame information for our overload? Paper presented at the ICA annual conference in London, June 2013.

Kalman, Y.M. (2013) HCI Markers: An Interdisciplinary Technological, Methodological and Ethical Challenge for the HCI Community. IsraeHCI, January 15. Herzliya, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M., Raban, D.R., Rafaeli, S. (2013). Netified: social cognition in crowds and clouds. In Y. Amichai-Hamburger (Ed.), The social net: Human behavior in cyberspace, 2nd edition. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Kalman, Y.M., Geraghty, K., Thompson, C.K., & Gergle, D. (2012). Detecting linguistic HCI markers in an online aphasia support group. Paper presented at the 14th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on computers and accessibility, October 22-24, Boulder, Colorado.

Kalman, Y.M., Scissors, L. E., Gill, A. J., & Gergle, D. (2012). Online Chronemics Convey Social Information. Paper presented at the International Communication Association (ICA) annual conference, May 24-28, Phoenix, Arizona.

Kalman, Y.M. (2011). HCI markers: A conceptual framework for using human-computer interaction data to detect disease processes. Paper presented at the 6th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Limassol, Cyprus, September 3-5, 2011.

Elgali, Z. & Kalman, Y. M. (2011). Effects of ICT fashions on national educational technology policy. Paper presented at the 6th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Limassol, Cyprus, September 3-5, 2011.

Kalman, Y. M. (2011). HCI markers and their usefulness in monitoring personal health. Paper presented at the 5th conference of the Israel association for information systems (ILAIS), Raanana, Israel.

Elgali, Z. & Kalman, Y. M. (2011). Three Decades of National ICT Programs in the Israeli Education System [Hebrew]. Paper presented at the 6th Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies Research, Ra'anana, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. and Gergle D. (2010). CMC cues enrich lean online communication: The case of letter and punctuation mark repetitions. Paper presented at the 5th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, September 12-14 in Tel-Aviv, Israel. BEST PAPER AWARD

Kalman, Y.M., Scissors, L.E. and Gergle D. (2010). Chronemic aspects of chat, and their relationship to trust in a virtual team. Paper presented at the 5th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, September 12-14 in Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. (2010). How low can you go? The tuition-free business model of The University of the People. Paper presented at the 5th Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies Research, February 10, 2010 in Ra'anana, Israel.

Elgali, Z. and Kalman, Y.M. (2010). Using actor-network theory to analyze the construction of the failure concept in a K-12 ICT integration program. Paper presented at the 5th Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies Research, February 10, 2010 in Ra'anana, Israel.

Kalman, Y. M. and Gergle D. (2009). Letter and Punctuation Mark Repeats as Cues in Computer-Mediated Communication. Paper presented at the National Communication Association's 95th annual convention, November 12-15, 2009 in Chicago, Illinois.

Kalman, Y. M. (2008). Silence in online communication. Paper presented at the Israel Association of Information Systems annual conference, Emek Izrael College, Israel.

Kalman, Y. M. (2008). Silence in e-mail communication. Paper presented at the 12th conference of the Israel Communication Association, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Kalman, Y. M. (2008). Is the Synchronicity Dichotomy Dead? In “What’s New in New Media?” A panel presented at the 12th conference of the Israel Communication Association, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. & Rafaeli S. (2008). Chronemic Nonverbal Expectancy Violations in Written Computer Mediated Communication. Paper presented at the 2008 ICA conference in Montreal, Canada.

Rosenthal, M., Ribak, R. & Kalman Y.M. (2008). "TV or Not TV”: Bloggers discuss television non-usage. Paper presented at the 2008 conference of the International Communication Association, Montreal, Canada.

Kalman, Y.M. (2008). Silence in online education: the invisible component. Paper presented at the Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies Research, The Open University, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. and Leng, P.H. (2007). Like Herding Cats: Practical Solutions to Managing Academic Staff in an International Online Academic Program. Paper presented at the 5th Meital (IUCEL- Inter-University Center for e-Learning ) conference in Holon, Israel

Kalman, Y.M. and Rafaeli, S (2007). Modulating Synchronicity in Computer Mediated Communication. Paper presented at the 2007 conference of the International Communication Association, San Francisco, CA.

Kalman, Y.M. (2007). They just don't understand: On the allure of synchronicity to users of Computer Mediated Communication. Paper presented at the 2007 ILAIS (Israel - AIS) conference in Ramat Gan, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. (2007). Response Times in Text-Based CMC. Paper presented in the panel *Not* being there: silence and unresponsiveness in computer mediated communication at the 11th conference of the Israel Communication Association, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. (2007). Succeeding at the impossible: a model for industry-academia collaboration in e-learning (abstract in Hebrew). Paper presented at the 11th conference of the Israeli Internet Society, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M., Ravid G., Raban, D.R. & Rafaeli S. (2007). Are You Still Waiting For an Answer? The chronemics of Asynchronous Written CMC.  Paper presented at the Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies Research, The Open University, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M. (2006). Online Silence: investigating the online event that did not happen. Paper presented at the 2006 ILAIS (Israel - AIS) conference in Haifa, Israel.

Kalman, Y.M., Ravid G., Raban, D.R. & Rafaeli S. (2006). Speak *now* or forever hold your peace: power law chronemics of turn-taking and response in asynchronous CMC. Paper presented at the 2006 ICA conference in Dresden, Germany.

Rafaeli, S., Raban, D.R., & Kalman, Y.M. (2005). Social Cognition Online. In Y. Amichai-Hamburger (Ed.), The social net: Human behavior in cyberspace. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Kalman, Y. M. & Rafaeli, S. (2005).Email chronemics: unobtrusive profiling of response times . Paper presented at the 38th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Big Island, Hawaii.

Kalman, Y.M. (2004). Response times in email correspondence. Paper presented at the Association of Internet Researchers: IR 5.0, University of Sussex, England.

Leng, P.H., Kalman, Y.M., & Gruengard, E. (2000). University education via the Internet: a new paradigm for public-private partnership. Paper presented at the IeC 2000 Conference, Manchester.

Kalman Y.M. (1993) Genetic Heterogeneity in Diseases: the Long QT Syndrome and Cystic Fibrosis. Hebrew University in Jerusalem.



Academic Education

2003- 2008: Ph.D., University of Haifa .The dissertation titled Silence in Text Based Computer Mediated Communication: The Invisible Component" can be downloaded here (~1.7M pdf)

1997-1999: Executive MBA (cum laude), Tel Aviv University

1992-1994: Master of Science in Genetics (summa cum laude), Hebrew University in Jerusalem

1988-1992: Bachelor of Science in Biology & in the History and Philosophy of the Sciences (cum laude), Hebrew University in Jerusalem



Full-time Academic Positions

Since 2011: Senior lecturer (senior faculty), Department of Management and Economics, The Open University of Israel

2009- 2011: Lecturer, Department of Management and Economics, The Open University of Israel

2008- 2009: Postdoctoral fellow, Center for Technology and Social Behavior, CollabLab, Northwestern University



Managerial Corporate Experience

2000 – 2006: Senior Vice President, Academics, Laureate Online Education B.V.

1994 – 2000: Vice President for Business Development, The Kidum Group

1989 – 1994: Research & Development team leader, Kidum Enterprises Ltd

Media interest

Contact me


cellular: +972-54-574-7375







Getting an academic degree while working